Disability Research News
Innovation revolutionary: A solution to prosthetic socks management
Veterans with prostheses often experience fluctuations in residual limb volume. They adjust for the resulting changes in fit and comfort of their prosthetic sockets throughout the day using prosthetic socks of varying thickness. However, this can be difficult for a recent amputee to manage. Too few or too many socks can create increased pressure on the end of the limb. That makes it difficult to determine when to add or remove socks. Incorrect use of socks can lead to skin damage and serious complications, such as non-healing wounds.
AbilityOne Commission Final Rule on Subminimum Wages
Last week, the U.S. AbilityOne Commission issued a final rule prohibiting paying subminimum wages on AbilityOne Program contracts. Published on July 21, 2022, the rule requires nonprofit agencies seeking both initial and continuing qualifications to participate in the program to certify that, when paying employees on AbilityOne contracts, they will not use certificates authorized under section 14(c) of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).
Fact Sheet: Biden-Harris Administration Announces Two New Actions to Address Youth Mental Health Crisis
Our nation's young people are facing an unprecedented mental health crisis. Even before the pandemic, rates of depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts among youth were on the rise. The pandemic exacerbated those issues, disrupting learning, relationships, and routines and increasing isolation—especially among our nation's young people. More than 40 percent of teenagers state that they struggle with persistent feelings of sadness or hopelessness, and more than half of parents and caregivers express concern over their children's mental well-being.
On Anniversary of ADA, USDOT Announces Winners of its First-Ever Inclusive Design Challenge
Today, during an event held in recognition of the ADA’s 32nd anniversary, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) will announce the winners of its $5 million Inclusive Design Challenge, a competition focused on innovative designs to enhance mobility options for people with physical, sensory, and cognitive disabilities and to provide equal access to automated vehicles.
Biden Administration Announces Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Funding to Make Public Transportation Rail Stations Accessible for All
Thirty-two years after the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, U.S. rail systems will get a significant boost in federal funds to improve accessibility for all riders. Thanks to President Biden's Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) announced today it will provide $1.75 billion to make it easier for people to get on board at the nation’s oldest rail public transportation systems, including $343 million in a notice of funding availability now.
DOT Awards Funding to Community Colleges to Prepare Veterans for Jobs in Trucking
The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has awarded $3.1 million to community colleges and training institutes through the Commercial Motor Vehicle Operator Safety Training (CMVOST) Grant Program. These grants will assist current and former members of the Armed Forces who want to pursue careers in trucking to get commercial driver’s licenses (CDLs) and the training they need to enter the profession.
New dissolving implantable device relieves pain without medication
A team of scientists and engineers at Northwestern University supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation has developed an implantable pain relieving device -- a promising alternative to opioids and other addictive analgesics. The device could transform post-surgical pain management.
Could a computer diagnose Alzheimer's disease and dementia?
It takes a lot of time — and money — to diagnose Alzheimer's disease. After running lengthy in-person neuropsychological exams, clinicians must transcribe, review and analyze every response in detail. Now, U.S. National Science Foundation-supported researchers at Boston University have developed a new tool that could automate the process and eventually allow it to move online. Their machine learning-powered computational model can detect cognitive impairment from audio recordings of neuropsychological tests — no in-person appointment needed.
On 32nd Anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, HUD Awards Over $36 Million in Mainstream Vouchers and Fees to Support Community Living for People with Disabilities
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) today announced the awarding of more than $36 million for Mainstream Vouchers and additional administrative fees to 218 public housing agencies (PHAs) in 46 states to assist people with disabilities. Mainstream Vouchers help people secure housing in the community as they transition from institutional settings.
SBA Announces Funding Opportunity to Provide Entrepreneurship Training to Service-Disabled Veterans
Today, the U.S. Small Business Administration announced a new funding opportunity for eligible non-profit organizations, state and local government agencies, private sector firms, and institutions of higher learning to provide entrepreneurship training to service-disabled veterans. The awarded organization(s) can use the funding to market, deliver, and scale existing service-disabled veteran entrepreneurs' training programs for veterans, service-disabled veterans, and Reserve component members who intend to start new businesses or expand existing small businesses.
New Guidance Helps Schools Support Students with Disabilities and Avoid Discriminatory Use of Discipline
New guidance released today from the Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) and Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) helps public elementary and secondary schools fulfill their responsibilities to meet the needs of students with disabilities and avoid the discriminatory use of student discipline.
Biden Administration Announces Nearly $1B in Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Funding Improving Airport Terminals across U.S.
The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will award nearly $1 billion from President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law funding to 85 airports across the country to improve terminals of all sizes. The grants expand capacity at our nation’s airport terminals, increase energy efficiency, promote competition and provide greater accessibility for individuals with disabilities.
DOT Announces First-Ever Bill of Rights for Passengers with Disabilities, Calls on Airlines to Seat Families Together Free of Charge
As the busy summer travel season continues, U.S. Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg today announced actions taken by the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) to help protect airline passengers. USDOT has published the first-ever Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights and issued a notice to airlines to seat young children next to a parent.
Study finds higher prevalence of mental health concerns for Vietnam Veterans
Veterans who served in Vietnam, Cambodia, or Laos during the Vietnam War have a higher prevalence of mental health issues, particularly PTSD, compared with both other Vietnam-era Veterans and non-Veterans, according to an analysis of data from the Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational Study (VE-HEROeS).
US Department of Labor Announces $8M Funding Availability to Advance Equitable, Inclusive Workforce Service Delivery for People with Disabilities
THE U.S. Department of Labor today announced the availability of $8 million in funding over four years to manage the Leadership for the Employment and Economic Advancement of People with Disabilities Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act Policy Development Center.
Mindful Mood Balance Effective for Treating Residual Depressive Symptoms and Suicidal Ideation
NIMH-supported researchers have found an online mindfulness-based cognitive behavioral therapy—called Mindful Mood Balance—is effective at reducing residual depressive symptoms and at reducing suicidal ideation in those who experience these symptoms.
Indian Health Service funding provides resources to address Alzheimer’s disease
The Indian Health Service is announcing $5 million to target resources directly to tribes, tribal organizations, urban Indian organizations, and IHS direct service facilities to address Alzheimer’s disease within tribal communities. This marks the first time IHS will allocate for this critical need.
HHS Launches New Maternal Mental Health Hotline
Hotline is the latest move of the Biden-Harris Administration to strengthen both maternal health and mental health; President’s FY23 Budget would double the initial investment in the hotline.
In Oregon and Washington, Secretary Becerra Highlights the Importance of Investing in Mental Health
During stops in both states, the Secretary discussed youth mental health, the transition to 988 in July, and HHS’ Overdose Prevention Strategy with state and local leaders.
New Resource for Advocating for Students with Disabilities: School Board Advocacy Toolkit
The Center for Dignity in Healthcare for People with Disabilities has developed a School Board Advocacy Toolkit to advocate for students with disabilities. Many decisions that impact students are made by local school boards. As has been observed during the COVID-19 pandemic, many of these decisions and their resulting consequences significantly impact students with disabilities. The toolkit provides tips and resources to help advocate to the local school board, including learning about issues, identifying decision makers, knowing the process, and messaging.
New Report on Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on People with Disabilities: Research Findings
ACL’s National Institute of Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) released a report, Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on People with Disabilities (PDF). The report highlights examples of key research findings on the impact of the pandemic on people with disabilities as well as available resources from the NIDILRR grantee community.
Nanomaterial could enhance diabetes treatment
Conventional treatments for diabetes can increase the risk of neurological problems, an under-researched side effect. U.S. National Science Foundation-supported scientists based at The Ohio State University developed a nanomaterial that binds insulin to a group of amino acids that includes antioxidants. The nanomaterial improved glucose consumption, leading to better brain function.
Engineers use honey to make brain-like computer chips
Engineers at Washington State University, supported by a grant from the U.S. National Science Foundation, used honey to make components for computer systems that mimic neurons and synapses of the human brain, known as neuromorphic computers.
Ophthalmology technology could help robots and cars see in 3D
A team of researchers based at Duke University and funded in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation leveraged their experience in optical coherence tomography - known as OCT, a noninvasive test used to image the retina - to refine and improve vision technology for robots and self-driving cars.
Engineers develop fast and accurate COVID-19 sensor
Engineers at Johns Hopkins University, supported in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation, have developed a COVID-19 sensor that addresses the limitations of the two most widely used types of COVID-19 tests: PCR tests that require sample preparation, and the less accurate rapid antigen tests.