Disability Research News

The Model Systems Databases

Post date: 10/11/2018
disability data news

NIDILRR funds three national data centers that house and disseminate data on individuals who are treated through Spinal Cord Injury Model System Centers, the Traumatic Brain Injury Model System Centers, and the Burn Injury Model System Centers.

HCBS Outcome Measurement Database

Post date: 10/03/2018
disability data news

The HCBS Instrument Database: Over 120 instruments, including those widely used at the national level as well as those developed for more specific purposes (e.g., research projects) are contained within the database.  This includes those tools most frequently used by States in their assessment of HCBS outcomes (e.g., National Core Indicators Adult Consumer Survey (NCI ACS); National Core Indicators Aging and Disabilities (NCI AD); CQL Personal Outcome Measures (POM).

“Going the Extra Mile”: Disclosure, Accommodation, and Stigma Management among Working Women with Disabilities

Post date: 09/20/2018

Although research has quantitatively evaluated the impacts of stigma upon working women with disabilities (WWD), nuanced, qualitative accounts voiced by these women are rare. To address this literature gap, we conducted seven focus groups with 42 WWD. We asked: “What are women’s experiences of disability disclosure and accommodation in the workplace?” Findings reveal that WWD face intentional and unintentional structural discrimination and must weigh the pros and cons of disclosure and navigate devaluation threats in pursuing workplace accommodations.

Mild TBI Can Have a Lasting Impact for Young Children, but It’s Not Clear Whether They Receive the Rehabilitation and Education Services They May Need

Post date: 09/19/2018

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is brain damage resulting from an external force, such as a fall or a car accident. TBI can be rated as mild, moderate, or severe depending on how long the person loses consciousness. Some people with mild TBI, sometimes called a concussion, may still experience injury serious enough for the damage to be seen on imaging tests like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

New Guideline for Pediatric mTBI Includes Practice-Changing Recommendations

Post date: 09/13/2018

The guideline consists of 19 sets of clinical recommendations that are applicable to healthcare providers who care for patients with mTBI in all settings, and seeks to improve the care of young patients with this injury. The practice-changing recommendations include using validated, age-appropriate symptom scales to diagnose mTBI, providing patients with instructions on returning to activity customized to their symptoms, and counseling patients to return gradually to non-sports activities after no more than a few days of rest, among others.

Prevalence of Disabilities and Health Care Access by Disability Status and Type Among Adults — United States, 2016

Post date: 08/23/2018
disability data news

The study shows that one in four adults in the US reports having at least one disability. Mobility disabilities were most prevalent, followed by cognition, independent living, hearing, vision, and self-care. Rates varied among age groups, genders, and racial and ethnic groups. The study also found that adults with disabilities, particularly those between 18 and 64, experienced disparities in access to health care, such as health insurance coverage, having a usual health care provider, and receiving a check-up during the last year.

Building An Online Presence: Using Online Media to Promote Community Inclusion

Post date: 08/21/2018

This toolkit provides suggestions for promoting community living and participation of individuals with mental health conditions through social media and web-based communication. It examines how agencies can use websites, newsletters, and various social media platforms to: (1) connect individuals to mainstream community resources; (2) highlight instances of community participation; and (3) stay active in producing community inclusion related content on their online media.

For People Who are Blind or Visually Impaired, Managing Transportation May be Key for Employment Success

Post date: 08/09/2018

People who are blind or visually impaired have lower employment rates than people without disabilities. Many people with visual impairment are unable to drive. As a result, they may face additional challenges in finding reliable transportation to get to and from work, which can limit their options for employment. Orientation and mobility (O&M) instructors can teach children and adults who are blind or visually impaired to travel safely on foot and to use public transportation.

Maintenance Guide for Users of Manual and Power Wheelchairs

Post date: 08/03/2018

Wheelchair breakdowns can injure wheelchair users and limit mobility and social participation. Poor wheelchair maintenance increases the risk of wheelchair breakdowns and personal injury or death, and increases the costs of medical care. The number of users injured from wheelchair breakdowns doubled from 1991 to 2016. According to a 2016 study, up to 18% of wheelchair users experience a wheelchair-related injury each year. Furthermore, 44–57% reported at least one wheelchair breakdown in the past 6 months.

nTIDE June 2018 Jobs Report: Modest Downturn in Jobs Ends Extended Run for Americans with Disabilities

Post date: 07/25/2018

Kessler Foundation and University of New Hampshire release nTIDE Report – Monthly Update: 

Family & Individual Needs for Disability Support (FINDS) Community Report 2017

Post date: 07/13/2018

A report presenting the results of the Family & Individual Needs for Disability Supports (FINDS) survey, launched in 2017 by ICI's Research and Training Center on Community Living in collaboration with The Arc of the United States to assess the status of caregivers of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) in the United States. The survey and resulting Community Report shed light on the experiences of families who provide supports to a family member with I/DD.

Aging and Disability Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop

Post date: 06/28/2018

Many different groups of people are subject to stereotypes. Positive stereotypes (e.g., “older and wiser”) may provide a benefit to the relevant groups. However, negative stereotypes of aging and of disability continue to persist and, in some cases, remain socially acceptable. Research has shown that when exposed to negative images of aging, older persons demonstrate poor physical and cognitive performance and function, while those who are exposed to positive images of aging (or who have positive self-perceptions of aging) demonstrate better performance and function.

A Transportation Guide for Persons who are Blind or Have Low Vision

Post date: 06/22/2018

A Transportation Guide for Persons who are Blind or Have Low Vision contains helpful information about finding and using transportation options, and is designed for persons with vision impairments or those who serve them. Forward the link or print copies of the document as needed. Students or researchers may prefer to use the version with in-text citations, located on our Publications for Download page at https://www.blind.msstate.edu/research/nrtc-publications/download/.

DOT Seeks Comments on Regulations for Service and Support Animals on Flights

Post date: 06/18/2018

The US Department of Transportation (DOT) is seeking public comment on amending its Air Carrier Access Act (ACAA) regulation on the transportation of service animals. Comments are due by July 9th via mail, fax, hand delivery, or through the regulations.gov portal.

Publication: Rehospitalization Over 10 Years Among Survivors of TBI

Post date: 06/13/2018

Publication: Rehospitalization Over 10 Years Among Survivors of TBI: A National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study

Accessible Transportation Symposium

Post date: 06/01/2018

Accessible Transportation Symposium

New Funding Opportunity Announcement on Disability and Opioid Use Disorder

Post date: 05/30/2018
funding announcement

NIDILRR has published a Funding Opportunity Announcement for the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects (DRRP) Program: Research on Opioid Use Disorder Among People with Disabilities. NIDILRR proposes to fund two DRRPs of three years each to conduct research on opioid use disorder among people with disabilities.

Pre-Injury Factors May Matter More Than Injury Severity When Predicting Outcomes after a Traumatic Brain Injury

Post date: 05/18/2018

Pre-Injury Factors May Matter More Than Injury Severity When Predicting Outcomes after a Traumatic Brain Injury
This reserach looks at some of the factors that can impact recovery from traumatic brain injury, some of which occur before the injury even happens.

Vocational Rehabilitation May Help People with HIV/AIDS and Substance Use Disorder Overcome Employment Challenges

Post date: 05/10/2018

Vocational Rehabilitation May Help People with HIV/AIDS and Substance Use Disorder Overcome Employment Challenges
This research looks at how vocational rehabilitation (VR) services can support people with HIV who also have substance use disorders, and whether these programs meet the needs of clients from minority groups.

Let’s Talk Employment

Post date: 05/05/2018

Let’s Talk Employment - A Guide for Family Members of Individuals in Mental Health Recovery.

For College Graduates who are Legally Blind, Finding a Job Can Be Tough, But Mentoring May Help

Post date: 04/25/2018

About 1.1 million Americans are legally blind, meaning that, even with corrective lenses or surgery, they may not be able to clearly see the largest letter on a standard eye chart at 20 feet or they may only see what appears either in their central or peripheral vision, but not both. As a result, these individuals may have difficulty with job-related tasks. Compared with other disability groups, people who are legally blind are more likely to graduate from college.

A Purpose in Life: Why Employment First Matters to Self-Advocates

Post date: 04/11/2018

The NIDILRR-funded Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Advancing Employment for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities has published a report, A Purpose...

Poverty and Disability: At the Intersection of Place and Policy

Post date: 03/28/2018

Researchers from the NIDILRR-funded Research and Training Center on Disability in Rural Communities (RTC: Rural) recently published a post, Poverty and Disability: At the Intersection of...

For People with Psychiatric Disabilities, Neighborhood Factors May Affect Acceptance and Community Involvement

Post date: 03/21/2018

People with psychiatric disabilities have conditions like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or depression. These individuals may encounter stigmatizing attitudes or behaviors from people around them. Forms of such stigma may be overt, such as denying a job to a candidate with a psychiatric disability, or they may be less obvious, like moving away from a person with a psychiatric disability on a bus. These forms of stigma may discourage people with psychiatric disabilities from getting out and doing things in their communities.

Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop

Post date: 03/15/2018

How do stereotypes affect the health and independence of aging adults and those with disabilities? How do they impact the industries that interact with these populations? And what are some opportunities to disrupt the narrative and change perceptions of what it means to be older or have a disability?