Disability Research News

Publication: Rehospitalization Over 10 Years Among Survivors of TBI

Post date: 06/13/2018

Publication: Rehospitalization Over 10 Years Among Survivors of TBI: A National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study

Accessible Transportation Symposium

Post date: 06/01/2018

Accessible Transportation Symposium

New Funding Opportunity Announcement on Disability and Opioid Use Disorder

Post date: 05/30/2018
funding announcement

NIDILRR has published a Funding Opportunity Announcement for the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects (DRRP) Program: Research on Opioid Use Disorder Among People with Disabilities. NIDILRR proposes to fund two DRRPs of three years each to conduct research on opioid use disorder among people with disabilities.

Pre-Injury Factors May Matter More Than Injury Severity When Predicting Outcomes after a Traumatic Brain Injury

Post date: 05/18/2018

Pre-Injury Factors May Matter More Than Injury Severity When Predicting Outcomes after a Traumatic Brain Injury
This reserach looks at some of the factors that can impact recovery from traumatic brain injury, some of which occur before the injury even happens.

Vocational Rehabilitation May Help People with HIV/AIDS and Substance Use Disorder Overcome Employment Challenges

Post date: 05/10/2018

Vocational Rehabilitation May Help People with HIV/AIDS and Substance Use Disorder Overcome Employment Challenges
This research looks at how vocational rehabilitation (VR) services can support people with HIV who also have substance use disorders, and whether these programs meet the needs of clients from minority groups.

Let’s Talk Employment

Post date: 05/05/2018

Let’s Talk Employment - A Guide for Family Members of Individuals in Mental Health Recovery.

For College Graduates who are Legally Blind, Finding a Job Can Be Tough, But Mentoring May Help

Post date: 04/25/2018

About 1.1 million Americans are legally blind, meaning that, even with corrective lenses or surgery, they may not be able to clearly see the largest letter on a standard eye chart at 20 feet or they may only see what appears either in their central or peripheral vision, but not both. As a result, these individuals may have difficulty with job-related tasks. Compared with other disability groups, people who are legally blind are more likely to graduate from college.

A Purpose in Life: Why Employment First Matters to Self-Advocates

Post date: 04/11/2018

The NIDILRR-funded Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Advancing Employment for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities has published a report, A Purpose...

Poverty and Disability: At the Intersection of Place and Policy

Post date: 03/28/2018

Researchers from the NIDILRR-funded Research and Training Center on Disability in Rural Communities (RTC: Rural) recently published a post, Poverty and Disability: At the Intersection of...

For People with Psychiatric Disabilities, Neighborhood Factors May Affect Acceptance and Community Involvement

Post date: 03/21/2018

People with psychiatric disabilities have conditions like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or depression. These individuals may encounter stigmatizing attitudes or behaviors from people around them. Forms of such stigma may be overt, such as denying a job to a candidate with a psychiatric disability, or they may be less obvious, like moving away from a person with a psychiatric disability on a bus. These forms of stigma may discourage people with psychiatric disabilities from getting out and doing things in their communities.

Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop

Post date: 03/15/2018

How do stereotypes affect the health and independence of aging adults and those with disabilities? How do they impact the industries that interact with these populations? And what are some opportunities to disrupt the narrative and change perceptions of what it means to be older or have a disability?

For People with Mobility Disabilities, High-Quality Mobility Devices May Be Key for Community Involvement and Independence

Post date: 02/16/2018

Researchers at the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Improving Measurement of Medical Rehabilitation Outcomes surveyed 250 people ages between 18-85 years old as a part of a larger study. The researchers found that, in general, the participants who used walking aids rated their devices as more reliable and easier to maintain or repair than the participants who used wheeled mobility devices. 

Release of the 2017 Annual Disability Statistics

Post date: 02/13/2018
disability data news

The Annual Disability Statistics Compendium is a web-based tool that pools disability statistics published by various federal agencies together in one place. When working on legislative and other matters relating to persons with disabilities, the Compendium will make finding and using disability statistics easier.

New Version of the KTER Center's Employment Research Database

Post date: 01/24/2018

The NIDILRR-funded Center on Knowledge Translation for Employment Research (KTER) has released the newest version of the Employment Research Database, which features research related to the employment of people with disabilities.

Investigating the Efficacy of Web-Based Transfer Training on Independent Wheelchair Transfers Through Randomized Controlled Trials

Post date: 01/18/2018

To determine the efficacy of a web-based transfer training module at improving transfer technique across 3 groups: web-based training, in-person training (current standard of practice), and a waitlist control group (WLCG); and secondarily, to determine subject factors that can be used to predict improvements in transfer ability after training.

Your Action Planning Guide for Promoting Full Community Participation Among People with Disabilities

Post date: 01/09/2018

The purpose of this Action Planning Guide is to support the community's efforts to plan for enhancing community participation among people with disabilities. We hope this guide will be useful to anyone interested in bringing about community change and improvement, but it may be particularly helpful for staff of Centers for Independent Living and other community-based organizations who will operate as facilitators of these processes.

Developing Affordable and Accessible Community-Based Housing for Vulnerable Adults: Proceedings of a Workshop

Post date: 01/03/2018

Accessible and affordable housing can enable community living, maximize independence, and promote health for vulnerable populations. However, the United States faces a shortage of affordable and accessible housing for vulnerable low-income older adults and individuals living with disabilities. This shortage is expected to grow over the coming years given the population shifts leading to greater numbers of older adults and of individuals living with disabilities.

People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy

Post date: 12/15/2017

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recently published a summary, People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health...

Factsheet: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) After Burn Injury

Post date: 12/13/2017

Mental and physical reactions are common after a traumatic event, like a burn injury. For some people, reactions may last more than 1 month and lead to PTSD. Reactions that occur sooner are called acute stress disorder. Symptoms of PTSD and acute stress disorder are a common response to a burn injury. Think of it as a way for the brain to let the body know it needs to stay safe—these symptoms can actually protect us. Symptoms can develop after witnessing a traumatic event (e.g., as a bystander or first responder) or by learning of a bad injury involving a loved one.

Wireless intraoral tongue control of an assistive robotic arm for individuals with tetraplegia

Post date: 12/08/2017

For an individual with tetraplegia assistive robotic arms provide a potentially invaluable opportunity for rehabilitation. However, there is a lack of available control methods to allow these individuals to fully control the assistive arms.

State of the Science: Advances at the Intersection of Aging & Disability

Post date: 11/22/2017

In October, 2017 the Healthy Aging RRTC gathered a group of researchers to present a 3-day webinar series on the state of the science in aging and disability, hosted by the National Council on Aging. You can listen and view the presentations here:

High Parental Expectations and Early Supports May Improve Employment Prospects for Youth with Deaf-Blindness

Post date: 11/15/2017

About 10,000 infants, children, and youth in the United States are considered “deaf-blind.” Deaf-blindness is an uncommon and complex disability. People who are deaf-blind have both visual and hearing impairments that are significant enough to require special supports beyond those used by people who are blind or deaf only. Some people with deaf-blindness also have other disabilities which may impact their physical or mental health, or their ability to communicate as well as increase their need for specialized supports.

Accessibility, Usability, and Design of Wearables and Wirelessly Connected Devices

Post date: 11/01/2017

The NIDILRR-funded Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center for Wireless Inclusive Technologies (Wireless RERC) (90RE5025) has published a brief, Accessibility, Usability,...

Performance Management for State VR Agencies Serving Transition-Aged Youth

Post date: 10/25/2017

The NIDILRR-funded Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Practices for Youth and Young Adults (90RT5034) has released a new research brief, ...

Electrical Stimulation May Help Reduce Nerve Pain for People with Spinal Cord Injury

Post date: 10/18/2017

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage anywhere along the spinal cord, usually from an accident or other trauma. Nearly half of people with SCI experience recurring nerve pain in areas below their injury. This pain may not go away, even with medications. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a procedure that may reduce nerve pain in people with SCI by “resetting” brain areas that react to pain. In tDCS, a weak electrical current is applied to the scalp using two electrodes on opposite sides of the head.